Top microbes and what they do

Let's begin with a description of the major categories

The big three

When you begin exploring a human microbiome, you should start with the three major phyla: Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria

The little two:

Verrucomicrobia and Proteobacteria

Genus level

Microbiome scientists have tried to identify a "microbial core" JulianTap2009 made of the following genera:

  • Faecalibacterium,
  • Ruminococcus,
  • Eubacterium,
  • Dorea,
  • Bacteroides,
  • Alistipes and
  • Bifidobacterium

[JulianTap2009]: Tap, J., Mondot, S., Levenez, F., Pelletier, E., Caron, C., Furet, J.-P., … Leclerc, M. (2009). Towards the human intestinal microbiota phylogenetic core. Environmental Microbiology, 11(10), 2574–84. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01982.x

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